Eph 1 Longest Greeting pt 2 

Jun 27, 2021 // By:Dave // No Comment

Eph. 1:7 In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of our wrongdoings, according to the riches of His grace

We have redemption in Whom ?

Jesus Christ

Jesus is transliteration yeshua.

started as:

Yeshua – Hebrew

Yoshua – still Hebrew

Iesus – greek (no “sh” sound, and added “s” to Iesu to make it masculine in tense

Jesus was incorporated in the Geneva bible in 1553, after protestant scholars fled to switzerland to escape English queen Mary I )a catholic queen who came to be known as “bloody mary”) The Swiss J has a Y sound to it.

Yeshua means rescue, deliver.

Xristos is not His last name, it means anointed, chosen.

Jesus Christ, or Christ Jesus = chosen Deliverer

so in this chosen deliverer, we have redemption and forgiveness

what is the difference between redemption and forgiveness ?


ἀπολύτρωσιν = apultrosis = ransom in full, full release from any legal obligation

(redemption centers on the notion of buying something back, to free from captivity by means of payment)


ἄφεσιν = aphesis = pardon, condition which disallows retaliation

(forgiveness centers on the notion of ceasing resentment or right to punish for an offense)

so we are freed from captivity by His blood and the Father has released all rights to punish us for our sins against Him … 

why is this important to know ?

  • understand the existence and nature of our enslaved state
  • understand the inability of the human to free himself
  • understand the gift of freedom in Christ’s blood
  • understand the Father’s anger and justice upon our sin
  • understand the Father no longer needs or desires to punish those who are forgiven in Christ’s work on the cross

Eph. 2:1 And you were dead in your offenses and sins,

Eph. 2:2 in which you previously walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience.

Eph. 2:3 Among them we too all previously lived in the lusts of our flesh, indulging the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, just as the rest.

Eph. 2:4 But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us,

Eph. 2:5 even when we were dead in our wrongdoings, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved),

Eph. 2:6 and raised us up with Him, and seated us with Him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus,

Eph. 2:7 so that in the ages to come He might show the boundless riches of His grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.

Eph. 2:8 For by grace you have been saved through faith; and this is not of yourselves, it is the gift of God;

Eph. 2:9 not a result of works, so that no one may boast.

there is a greek word for deliver = sozo

saved in verse 8

[NIV Greek]

5392   [4982]   σῴζω, sō̧zō, v.  [root of: 420, 861, 862, 1407, 1751, 5396, 5399, 5400, 5401, 5402, 5403]. to save, rescue, deliver; to heal; by extension: to be in right relationship with God, with the implication that the condition before salvation was one of grave danger or distress

σεσσ  μένοι (2x)

[NIV Greek]

5392   [4982]   σῴζω, sō̧zō, v.  [root of: 420, 861, 862, 1407, 1751, 5396, 5399, 5400, 5401, 5402, 5403]. to save, rescue, deliver; to heal; by extension: to be in right relationship with God, with the implication that the condition before salvation was one of grave danger or distress

μένοι = menoi is added at end of a verb to define a tense

“perfect passive tense”

this means when saying “you were saved”

it is driving home the point that

you did not do it, it was done for you (that’s the passive part)

it was completed in the past. (that’s the perfect part)

John 19:30 Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit.

Rom. 6:9 knowing that Christ, having been araised from the dead, 1is never to die again; bdeath no longer is master over Him.

10 For 1the death that He died, He died to sin once for all time; but 2the life that He lives, He lives to 3God.

1Pet. 3:18 For aChrist also 1suffered for sins bonce for all time, the just for the unjust, so that He might cbring us to God, having been put to death din the flesh, but made alive ein the 2spirit;

Heb. 10:11 ¶ Every priest stands daily ministering and offering time after time the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins;

12 but He, having offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, SAT DOWN AT THE RIGHT HAND OF GOD,

13 waiting from that time onward UNTIL HIS ENEMIES ARE MADE A FOOTSTOOL FOR HIS FEET.

14 For by one offering He has perfected for all time those who are sanctified.

15 And the Holy Spirit also testifies to us; for after saying,



18Now where there is forgiveness of these things, an offering for sin is no longer required.

19 ¶ Therefore, brothers and sisters, since we have confidence to enter the holy place by the blood of Jesus,

20 by a new and living way which He inaugurated for us through the veil, that is, through His flesh,

:21 and since we have a great priest over the house of God,

22 let’s approach God with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.

Who motivated this deliverance ?

according to the riches of His grace.

we might want to make sure we understand this powerful agent …
“riches of His grace”


πλοῦτον = ploutos = abundance (lots and lots of something, exceedingly more than enough)

grace (noun) a word to describe a characteristic of someone

χάριτος = charis = 

graciousness of manner or act 

benefit, favour, gift, grace(- ious), joy, liberality, pleasure, 

(as an object of a verb, used to mean bless or give thanks)

cháris has three distinct facets:

  • the disposition of giver/gift

Luke 4:22 And all the people were speaking well of Him, and admiring the gracious words which were coming from His lips; and yet they were saying, “Is this not Joseph’s son?”

Rom. 5:16 The gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned; for on the one hand the judgment arose from one offense, resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the gracious gift arose from many offenses, resulting in justification.

Rom. 6:23 For the wages of sin is death, but the gracious gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

  • the client’s proper return for a benefit, namely gratitude and loyal service

2Cor. 4:15 For all things are for your sakes, so that grace, having spread to more and more people, will cause thanksgiving to overflow to the glory of God.

Heb. 12:28 Therefore, since we receive a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let’s show gratitude, by which we may offer to God an acceptable service with reverence and awe;

Heb. 12:29 for our God is a consuming fire. (to explain the reverence and awe)

(verse 29 is taken from Deut 4:24)

Deut. 4:23 “So be careful yourselves, that you do not forget the covenant of the LORD your God which He made with you, and make for yourselves a carved image in the form of anything against which the LORD your God has commanded you.

Deut. 4:24For the LORD your God is a consuming fire, a jealous God.

which appears to have come from Exod 24:17

Ex. 24:17 And to the eyes of the sons of Israel, the appearance of the glory of the LORD was like a consuming fire on the mountain top.

the reverence and awe he speaks about in Heb 12:29 is a response to the glory of the Lord

  • the actual gift or benefit conferred (cf. 2 Cor. 8:6-7, 19). Paul is known as a proponent of “salvation by grace.”  We read about the charis gift in Ephesians 2:1-9

Eph. 1:8 which He lavished on us. In all wisdom and insight


ἐπερίσσευσεν = perisioosoo = abound, more than enough, over and above

the things we read about in Eph 2:1-9, are given to us in an overflowing manner,

above and beyond, over the top …

Why ?  

Why does God desire to ensure we understand the difference between

where we where and where we are ?


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